Literature final work

During the literature classes throughout the year I feel that I could improve a lot in my writing and also in the way I analyze and read the different stories and poems.

On the one hand, what I loved about the classes was the dynamic of seeing the poems and doing different activities and analysis based on these, in order to understand them much better. The atmosphere in the class was always amazing and I enjoyed writing and expressing my ideas in essays written throughout this year. On the other hand, it cost me to understand some poems or stories that we had to finish at home, but nevertheless always resorted to Pato or the Internet to try to solve my problems when analyzing and understanding.

What I liked the most about the year was reading the Billenium story, since it touched on themes of the future, which made it much more interesting and attractive for me in the class. At the same time it was a long story and a little complicated to read it, but always Pato was there to explain and help you to understand anything that has been difficult for us

I feel that these new writing skills will serve me in the future since I love everything that is related to writing. Having written essays throughout the year taught me and helped me understand that in the future if I want to study something related to literature, I will have the necessary skills to be able to achieve it.

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Preguntas Régimen Rosista


EL RÉGIMEN ROSISTA

1- Durante su segundo mandato, desde 1835 hasta 1852, Rosas decidió seguir 2 objetivos: restituir  el orden y la paz en el territorio. Para conseguirlo, establece una persecución hacia aquellos “unitarios” que no estaban de acuerdo con los principios de su gobierno y sus políticas.Debido a esto, fueron expulsados tanto del ejército como de la administración del gobierno. Siguiendo esta ideología, los miembros eclesiásticos con diferentes ideas a las de Rosas ideas también fueron desplazados de sus cargos. La Sala de Representantes por su lado se centró en respetar y proteger al catolicismo. Rosas utilizó la religión para proveer de símbolos que serían manifestados por la población para demostrar su apoyo hacia el. Debido a esto, se comenzó a usar la divisa pinzón. Por otra parte, la Mazorca, creada por la mujer de Rosas durante su ausencia , servía para castigar a los enemigos del régimen. Este conjunto de personas golpeaba insultaba y burlaba y hasta enviaba a la cárcel o incluso daba muerte a los “unitarios”. La Mazorca fue un movimiento fundamental en épocas de crisis tanto política como militar. Aparte de eso, se aplicó el sistema de boleta única, en la cual los ciudadanos mostraron su apoyo hacia Rosas.

 

2- Las relaciones entre Juan Manuel de Rosas y los sectores populares habían sido fundamentales para el aspecto político.Mientras que algunos valoraban la facilidad que Rosas tenia para realizar movimientos propios, otros creian que era solamente parte de una farsa. Gracias a los movimientos a su favor, Rosas, obtuvo que los trabajadores, lo siguieran. Todos estos grupos terminaron participando de manifestaciones públicas en apoyo de la causa de Juan Manuel de Rosas. Sin embargo, los sectores populares , causaron descontento entre los integrantes de la elite, quienes sostenían que ellos debían ocupar un lugar central en la política y territorio. De esta manera surgió la generación del 37 que estaba integrada por universitarios liberales quienes despreciaban el vínculo entre Rosas y los sectores populares.

3.  Rosas utilizó la solicitud de la sala de representantes para  respetar y proteger el catolicismo, para convertir los ceremoniales de la religión para el lenguaje de todos. Los representantes del Rosismo hacían representaciones para imitar los rituales religiosos, el cual tenía como objetivo generar la idea de que toda la sociedad debía apoyar al régimen de manera visible. Para esto, se exigió a todos el uso de una cinta roja sobre la ropa, llamada “divisa punzó”. Las fiestas adquirieron un lugar importante, ya que eran ocasiones de manifestar la adhesión a rosas. Se realizaban tanto en las ciudades como en la campaña y conmemoraban fechas instituidas en el nuevo calendario patrio. Se mantuvieron los distintos bailes como tertulias y saraos.


4-Los jóvenes de la generacion del 37 era un grupo, integrado por universitarios liberales, que despreciaba tanto las prácticas populares como las relaciones entre Rosas y los sectores inferiores. Ademas, este grupo estaba influido por el ideario romántico europeo.

5-En tiempos de Rosas, Buenos Aires fue la provincia más rica de la Confederación. Esto se debió a su producción ganadera y a las rentas aduaneras. Durante aquella época, las estancias fueron un punto clave para la economía, ya que era alli era donde se criaba el ganado para la extracción de la carne. Por otro lado, el rosismo también se centraba en la defensa de la propiedad privada. Rosas decidió aumentar el precio de los alquileres de las tierras. Además, limitó el gasto público y mejoró la recaudación para alcanzar un equilibrio. Sin embargo, decidió recurrir a la venta de tierras públicas para compensar el déficit. Frente a la poca efectividad, Rosas canceló gran parte del presupuesto a las escuelas, a los hospitales, a la universidad y a la Casa de Expósitos. Otro problema financiero fue cuasado por el aumento de los gastos militares. Tiempo después de sancionar la Ley de Aduana, Rosas se enfrentó a un conflictos internacional, y en 1938, los franceses bloquearon el puerto de Buenos Aires para expresar su descontento acerca de esta nueva ley.

6.
El primer bloqueo del puerto de Buenos Aires surgió tiempo después de sancionar la Ley de aduana debido a que esta imposibilitaba el ingreso de productos extranjeros, y por esto, Rosas debió afrontar un conflicto con Francia. Los franceses realizaron un bloqueo en el puerto de Buenos Aires en 1838. La escuadra francesa cerró al comercio la ciudad de Bs As y los puertos fluviales también. Para lograrlo, los franceses colocaron sus naves en el Río de la Plata para evitar que cualquier embarcación pueda  ingresar o salir del puerto. Sin embargo, Rosas se mantuvo en su posición y se negó a ceder ante las demandas extranjeras. Ademas, los comerciantes Británicos, que resultaban perjudicados por el bloqueo, protestaron ante el gobierno francés. Por esto Francia decidió levantar el bloqueo, por miedo a una guerra con Gran Bretaña.

El segundo bloqueo ocurrió en 1945. Este surgió debido al bloqueo al puerto uruguayo por parte de Rosas, lo que perjudicaba a Francia y a Inglaterra. Por este motivo organizaron una escuadra Anglo-Francesa y bloquearon el puerto de Bs As en septiembre 1945. Los europeos, decidieron comerciar por puertos interiores. Pero rosas redobló la apuesta y evitó que los buques comerciales pasen por el Río Paraná. Debido a esto, el 20 de Noviembre de 1945 se produjo la Batalla de la vuelta de Obligado. En 1847 Inglaterra levantó el bloqueo y al año siguiente francia levantó el suyo. El triunfo de Rosas ante los bloqueos demostró ser el único caudillo latinoamericano que pudo resistir la presión de las dos potencias más poderosas del mundo, que son Francia y Gran Bretaña.

7- Rosas debió afrontar tanto conflictos internacionales como enemigos locales quienes buscaban derrocarlo. En el año 1839, se llevó a cabo el levantamiento de los libres del sur , encabezado por Manuel Vicente Maza. La rebelión se situó en Dolores, sin embargó, Rosas logró detenerla y derrotó a los sublevados. En 1840, Lavalle, junto con Marco Avellaneda formaron la Coalición del Norte, enfrentaron a Juan Manuel de Rosas e invadieron a Entre Ríos, Corrientes, Córdoba. Luego, se sumaron Jujuy, Salta y La Rioja. La razón por la que protestaba esta coalición era por el autoritarismo por parte de Rosas ya que también quería  quitarle el manejo de las relaciones exteriores. Sin embargo, estos rebeldes y opositores fueron derrotados en el campo de batalla. El Litoral, se enfrentó con Rosas gracias a sus demandas por el fin de la prohibición de la navegación por los ríos interiores. Con el apoyo de las tropas santafesinas comenzaron una rebelión en Corrientes. Sin embargo, Rosas intervino en Santa Fé, limitando los recursos de los revolucionarios y opositores y logró controlar las rebeliones en el año 1840.

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The Cuban Missiles Crisis

For the History class, Lenny asked us to complete three activities about the Cuban Missiles Crisis.

Here is my work:

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Poem with inversion

Sigue leyendo

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Billenium

 

  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.


This story, called Billenium, is situated in the future. There is overpopulation and for this reason people are forced to live in small cubicles. The population density is too high, so the government limits the people’s living space. People are forced to create bonds and friendships with people living nearby, as the old friends live far away and it’s impossible to visit them. Family traditions and relations are weakened for the same reason. Money loses value as, and richness is represented by having land. Ward and rossiter were close friends who decided to live together so that they could have more than one cubicle. They discover a hidden room which allows them to have more space. They invite girls to the room, who later on invite their relatives. They end up having the same space as before. For this reason, they decide to remove the wardroom. This shows that billenium is a circular story, as they want to have more space but when they get it, they buy furniture which occupies room and invite more people.

 

  1. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

 

          The term ‘overpopulation’ explains the reality of that society which lives without space, that is to say that there are more people than place where to live. It is ironic the condition of getting more place since  to obtain it, you have to marry and have three children so that finally they give you an apartment with more place. However, not only the place increases but also the people, so the department ends up being small and oppressive due to the number of inhabitants inside.

 

  1. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

 

In “Billenium”, people’s most precious and valuable thing was space. They have a quest for living space. When Ward found a lot of space to live, he reduced it by sharing it with other people, as he used to live in a very little place.

  1. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

 

Ballard creates similarities about the inner world of the individual and the outer one. In the outer worlds, it can be seen that people hate to live like this, as they can’t visit their relatives, go to have lunch and spent hours travelling. The government can solve over-population by imposing different measures but instead decides to solve over-population by encouraging people to have more kids. In the inner world, meaning the way in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space, something similar happens. They hate living in small cubicles but luckily they find a secret room which has lots of space. Instead of enjoying it, they overpopulate ir and invite people to occupy it. Both events show that Billenium is a circular story which will eventually lead to the same spot, overpopulation.

  1. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme overpopulation that has beset the world by explaining that the resposables of it was the government as they said that if you wanted to have a more spacious place, you had to have three children. So, this made the problem of overpopulation develop, as by the time, the population increased.

 

  1. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?

 

I do not think that people in the future will live in cubicles at all. This Is because there are many people in charge of having that issue under control. Moreover, there are many measures are being carried out to prevent what happened in the story “Billenium”.

  1. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

John Ward is the protagonist of the story and works at a library. He has a friend called Henry Rossiter and they both share a living space. Ward hates the government, the authority and the landlords, as they reduce their living space, and designate the slight cubicles in which people live. However, at the end, Ward ends up being the landlord who decides who should enter the room, what should be removed and how the space should be distributed. He becomes what he hated and Ballard chooses him as the protagonist to show this contrast.

 

  1. What role does Rossiter play in the story?

 

Rossiter is a close friend of the main character, Ward. However he is a more aggressive character as it is the one who persuades Ward to let their girlfriends into the spacious room, affecting also the girls families. Rossiter also sacrifices the Victorian wardrobe, a symbol of total beauty at that times.

  1. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

There are two female characters in the story. They are called Judith and Helen. Their role in the tale was to bring their family to the cubicle that was found by their friends, Ward and Rossiter. As a consequence, the new space that was found was not beneficial to the protagonists and His friends although they had found it.

 

  1. Discuss the effects that overpopulation and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

 

The effects of overpopulation caused people to have more kids, as they would have a bigger cubicle. However, by encouraging people to have kids and reproduce, you are not solving overpopulation but fomenting it’s growth. For this reason, the ills of overpopulation, cause people to have more space and have a family life to acquire more space. Despite this fact, the having of a family means the sharing of space between five, which again reduces the space and increases the population density. This again shows that Billenium is a circular story.  

  1. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?

 

  The secret room symbolises the urgent need of privacity. In addition it also represents the lack of freedom and therefore, of space.

  1. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

 

Ward and Rossiter were unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they used to live in cubicles, so when they found the new “gigant” cubicle they had to share it. They couldn’t take advantage on the new place to live.

  1. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

Ward and Rossiter were willing to have more space so they moved together to a new place, where they find the secret room, which would bring them much more space. However, they invite people and people. First, some girls and then the girls’ relatives. In the end, they end up allowing the same or a worse sort of living arrangement. The large room was divided into seven people, so they ended up living in smaller cubicles. The finding of the room was non-sense and they wasted their chance of having a comfortable life, as they had adapted to a suffocating and uncomfortable sort of living arrangement.

  1. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Ballard uses different writing techniques to emphasize and explain to the readers his point of view about the overpopulation. The author uses oxymoron and hyperbaton to refesrs and depict his feelings towards the society and the conditions in which they lived. All along the story  the word “cubicle” is named, emphasizing that that society was destined to live in an oppressive and extremely small place.

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The Berlin Blockade

In the History classes we have been studying and analyzing the Cold War, to deeply understand it, we individualy made a chart and awnsered different questions about the theme.

Here is my work:

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Video Casa Rosada

El viernes 15 de junio realizamos una visita a La Casa Rosada junto a nuestra profesora de Historia y Formacion Etica y Ciudadana, y con los alumnos de segundo año. Previamente a esta visita, nuestra profesora nos dividio en grupos y nos asigno desarrollar 3 preguntas acerca de la Casa Rosada y de los presidentes argentinos para poder asistir a la misma con más conocimiento sobre su historia. Para organizar estas preguntas, nos pidio que elaboremos una presentacion. Luego, debíamos hacer un video con fotos y grabaciones que nos hayan parecido interesantes durante el recorrido. Yo trabaje junto a Trinidad Porretti, Valentina Re, Sofía Mele y Francisco Aresi.

Presentación:

Video:

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Booktube

During this term we had to prepare a booktube of the book we choose to read.

This is my booktube

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Diary Entry

 

 Diary Entry

Dear diary, what has just happened is totally inexplicable. My husband has just died. I don’t know what to say, what to think and how to continue with my life. It was a completely unexpected news, which put into play several feelings and doubts I had about my relationship with him. I am immensely shocked and aghast.

 On the one hand, I feel extremely sorrowful and dismal either. I feel that he was a very important part of my life, it was my everyday companion, I don’t know if I can imagine my life without him. My husband’s death has been a very strong blow in my life, because at the beginning I could see a dark future for me, mournful, heartbroken and totally alone.

However, there is something in me, a new feeling that I had never experienced before. It is something like a feeling of freedom, liberation and relief. I don’t know why this is happening to me, if I loved him, but I’m realizing that if I feel this kind of things I am not completely sure if it was true love that I felt for him. It was a beautiful relationship, but I feel that at the same time it was somewhat oppressive, and that is why today I can feel extremely free

Well, dear diary, the truth is that I don’t know what to do, I have a mixture of feelings in my body that I can not explain and that is why I write here, to be able to put everything that happens to me in words to finally organize my head to be able to trespass this baffling and confusing situation.

 

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Poem About Plaza Francia

During Language and Literature classes, we worked on a dexricption about a touristic place here in Buenos Aires. After making it, we had to write a poem about that same place, based on our piece of text.

I worked with Luz Esteban and Bianca Ireaci.

Here is our description about Plaza Francia

Plaza Francia

Plaza Francia is a green space in the neighborhood of Recoleta, where the handicrafts fair takes place on weekends. It was designed by the famous landscaper Carlos Thays and his central monument, called “France to Argentina was a gift from the French community to the country, on the occasion of the Centennial of the May Revolution. The three allegorical figures of its middle part, are made of Carrara marble, representing Science, Industry, Agriculture and the Arts.

The park covers a wide and extensive area that leads you to different places such as the cemetery, the church of Our Lady of the Pillar and the Design shopping. It is a  hilly place with towering and elevated green palm trees all over the park.There is full benches for people to sit in every corner to rest below the sun and jogging tracks all around the edges of the park. Flower hedges and bushes grows all around Plaza Francia, making the park looking as an alluring, engaging and amusing place to spend a grandiose day with friends or with your family.   

More than 30 years ago the Artisan Fair of Plaza Francia was inaugurated. Actually, the name of the square is Presidente Alvear. On weekends and holidays, this canyon is filled with stalls where talented artisans offer their original creations.This square is the heart of the Recoleta neighborhood, its artisan fair is one of the most precious walks in the city. There converge street artists, craftsmen, tarotistas, tightrope walkers, plastic artists and musicians of all genres who offer their improvised free concerts. The porteños go massively when the sun accompanies them and spend their days there walking and lying on the grass enjoying the surroundings of the dazzling park.  We can say that it is a bohemian that contrasts with the distinction of the neighborhood and the gastronomic proposals of high level that surround it.

 All in all, we can say that the Plaza Francia is a meeting place, and a point of departure or arrival for those who want to enjoy the sun, the beauties of Recoleta, crafts and shows.

Here is our poem.

 

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